Specification of Plenum Grade PVC for Outer Sheath of Indoor Cable

PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is generally used in copper wire telephone cables. However, some of the optical fiber cable designs demand use of PVC. PVC…

How to Calculate Coloring Ink Consumption?

Coloring ink is used to color natural fibers. Colored fibers are required to effectively identify fibers in a group of fibers called bundle that are…

Comparison of Jelly Filled Copper Cable and Optical Fiber Cable Constructions-Part 2

This post is a continuation of another discussion:┬áComparison of Jelly Filled Copper Cable and Optical Fiber Cable Constructions-Part 1 Optical fiber cables have clear advantages…

Comparison of Jelly Filled Copper Cable and Optical Fiber Cable Constructions-Part 1

Optical fiber cables have clear advantages over copper cables, an obvious reason why telecom operators prefer and switch to optical fiber cables to build their…

Optical Time Domain Reflectometer and its Functions

Optical Time Domain Reflectometer or OTDR is the most popular optical test instrument that is widely used world over by those in fiber optics. OTDR…

Operating Wavelengths in Fiber Optic Communication

Often called as operating windows, Fiber optic communication systems use different wavelength ranges for transmission of data. The selection of wavelength from the spectrum of…

Introducion to Optical Receivers

An opto-electronic device that receives an optical signal and converts it to electrical signal is called Optical receiver. Optical receivers convert the incoming optical signal…

Introduction to Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)

Synchronous Optical Network or simply SONET is the protocol to transfer multiple digital bit streams synchronously over optical fibers, which has been evolved and developed…

Channel Multiplexing in Fiber Optic Communication

A digital voice channel operates at 64 kbps. Fiber optic communication allows transmission of data at rates more than 100 Gpbs in some of the…

What is Absorption?

Light energy is absorbed by ions present in the silica glass. A certain portion of attenuation in optical fiber is caused from the conversion of…