Similar to the advantages of fiber optics, disadvantages of fiber optics is another term searched more in the internet. I always wonder why somebody should be interested to know the disadvantages of fiber optics. We all know that the advantages of fiber optics outnumber the disadvantages and that is the reason we enjoy the benefits of fiber optics.
It is a fact that there is certain group of people who constantly attacked developments in fiber optics. They tried to intervene growth of fiber optics from time to time. Fiber optics did not stop by hearing such barks. Positive criticisms helped fiber optics to grow. Negative criticisms encouraged fiber optics to overcome the disadvantages as much as possible.
It is a fact that despite the many advantages of fiber optic systems, there are some disadvantages. Let us see some of them.
Fiber optics is still new! Modern day fiber optic telecommunication started in the 1970s. Optical fibers in telecommunications have a history of just more than 45 years. Because of the relatively new technology, there are not many manufacturers for fiber optic components. Hence fiber optic components are expensive. Fiber optic transmitters and receivers are still relatively expensive compared to electrical interfaces.
Every year the quantity of optical fibers consumed in fiber optic cables has been increasing. The last year consumption of optical fibers globally was near to 300 million fiber kilometers. More and more fiber optic component manufacturers are getting added to the list of potential suppliers from all around the world. Still we face the lack of competition in the market. There are not many suppliers for some components, or the distribution of supply is not helping to reduce the price.
The lack of standardization in the industry has also limited the acceptance of fiber optics. Many industries are more comfortable with the use of electrical systems and are reluctant to switch to fiber optics. However, industry researchers are eliminating these disadvantages. Standards committees are addressing fiber optic part and test standardization. The well known standards include ITU-T, IEC, EIA/TIA, Telcordia etc. Domestic telecom carriers create their own specifications depending on local factors. Lack of knowledgeable staff poses another threat in creating justifiable specifications.
Fiber optic system is costly to install. The initial investment cost of fiber optic technology is higher. The cost to install fiber optic systems is falling because of an increase in the use of fiber optic technology. Published articles, conferences, and lectures on fiber optics have begun to educate managers and technicians on how to reduce deployment costs. As the technology matures, the use of fiber optics will increase because of its many advantages over electrical systems. FTTH Council contributes significantly to educate and spread the use of fiber optics. This has helped fiber optic projects all over the world.
Despite a few disadvantages, we are sure fiber optics will continue its triumph. The news coming from even remote corners of the world is encouraging and it is clearly due to the advantages of fiber optics over disadvantages.