Algeria

A country in the northern Africa, Algeria has one of the best developing next generation networks among its African counterparts. Fixed telecom market is not opened to foreign investment and is still dominated by state owned Algerie Telecom. Mobile sector is opened for limited competition and there are three mobile service providers, two of them being subsidiaries of Middle East based telecom operators.

Albania

Albania, the European country, which was ruled by Turkey’s Ottoman Emperors were freed in 1912, but only until it was powered by the Italy in 1939 followed by the Germans in 1943. Post World War II saw Communist revolution in the country and the party allied itself with the mighty Soviet Union and later with China. Albanian Governments have tried to improve communication infrastructure in the country. New investments have been made in the sector. Still the teledensity is only around 10 fixed lines per 100 people. As in any other country, mobile telephones are commonly used by people in Albania. Mobile density stands at 116.2 per 100 people indicating a good growth and popularity of mobile communication services in Albania.

Afghanistan

Afghanistan’s telecommunications sector is one of the poorly organized and developed among other countries and in comparison with its neighbors. One of the major reasons…

Development of Low Attenuation Optical Fibers

A major breakthrough in optical communication happened when Charles K Kao and George A. Hockam of Standard Telephones and Cables, a British company proposed and…

Introduction to Fiber Optic Sensors

Optical fibers have many uses in remote sensing. Either the sensor is itself can be an optical fiber or optical fiber can be used to…

First Generation Optical Transmission Windows

Fiber optic communication systems use different wavelength ranges for transmission of data. These wavelengths are called operating windows. The selection of wavelength from the spectrum…

Advantages of Optical Fibers Over Copper Wires

Optical fiber cables have clear advantages over its ancestor copper wire cables. Some of the advantages of optical fiber communication with respect to copper wire…

Specification of Polyethylene Color Masterbatch

Polyethylene is the commonly used sheathing compound for optical fiber cables for outdoor installation. Polyethylene comes in different grades and different specific gravities. According to…

Specification of PBT Color Masterbatch

In loose tube optical fiber cables, tubes are colored to make the identification process easier. PBT (Polybutylene Teraphthalate) is a widely used as loose tube…

What is an Active Device?

An active device is a device that requires a source of energy for its operation. Active device has an output that is a function of…