Fiber Distribution Point Terminal

Fiber Distribution Point Terminals are points where the Fiber Distribution Point Closure, the associated organizer and optical components are assembled and installed. Distribution cable used…

The Fourth Phase of Development in Fiber Optic Communication

Telecommunication engineers and the researchers found a drawback of using electronic repeaters in the third generation fiber optic communication systems. Electronic repeaters need continuous monitoring…

Third Phase of Development in Fiber Optic Communication

Engineers working in the telecommunication networks handling the second generation fiber optic communication systems felt the need to find an operating wavelength which has lower…

The second phase of development in fiber optic communication

Optical loss or attenuation of multimode fiber is higher than that of single mode fiber, usually above 1 dB/km. Current multimode fibers, with a core…

ITU-T Recommendation G.955 for Digital Transmission Systems

ITU-T Recommendation G.955 deals with digital transmission systems. The recommendation, named “Digital Line Systems based on the 1544 kbit/s and the 2048kbit/s hierarchy on optical…

The first phase Development in Fiber Optic Communication

The first phase of development in the fiber optic communication was started in 1980s. At the beginning, 850nm was used for optical transmission. This optical…

Early Stages of Fiber Optic Communication

Laser is 56 years old this year, the age at which most women and men attain wisdom We are lucky to witness the developments in…

Example of a Specification Common to Loosetube Fiber Optic Cable

The buffer tubes containing one or more optical fibers shall be stranded over a central strength member using reverse helical method. Reverse helical also known…

Four-Wave Mixing

Four-Wave Mixing is one of the four Non-linear attributes in optical fiber communication. As the name indicates, the fourth wave gets generated when three (or…

Free Breathing Splice Closures

In an outside plant, optical fibers are protected inside splice closures, also known as joint closures. Spliced optical fibers are protected from environmental hazards such…